Change List for this Rule

 

Original Version

Rule 54.7-A

 

54.7-A.    Climbing Space

 

Climbing space, measured from centerline of pole, shall be provided on one side or in one quadrant of all poles or structures, with dimensions as specified in Rules 54.7-A1, 54.7-A2 and 54.7-A3.  For climbing space dimensions where post insulators are utilized see Rule 54.11-F.

 

The climbing space shall be maintained in the same position for a distance of not less than 4 feet vertically both above and below each conductor level through which it passes. Compliance with this requirement necessitates that the position of the climbing space shall not be changed through conductor levels which are less than 4 feet apart.  Where the vertical distance between consecutive conductor levels is 4 feet or more, and less than 8 feet the position of the climbing space through such consecutive levels may be shifted not more than one-quarter of the distance around the pole.  Where a conductor is installed at the top of a pole under the provisions of Rule 54.4-D8, the climbing space shall extend up to the level of such pole-top conductor but need not be provided through and above such level.

 

Allowable obstruction of these climbing spaces, where necessary, are specified in Rule 54.7-A4

 

Bolts bonded to or used for the attachment of dead-end hardware of a circuit of any voltage in horizontal (wood crossarm) configuration may project into the climbing space provided they are covered with a suitable non-conducting material as specified in Rule 22.2-F.  If such bolts are bonded, a positive electrical contact shall be made.

 

The covering of bolts, required by this rule , shall not apply to:

 

1)    Bolts associated with circuits of 0 to 750 volts at any level on a pole or structure.

 

2)    Bolts associated with circuits of more than 7,500 volts when located at the top level of a pole.

 

No part of any guy contacting or connected to a metal pin or part of dead-end hardware, shall be located in the climbing space.

 

(1)    Dimensions Where Crossarms are Not Involved:

 

Climbing space through the levels of conductors deadended on poles in vertical configuration shall be a square of the horizontal dimensions tabulated below; and one side of such climbing space shall be bounded by the vertical plane of the dead-ended conductors with the centerline of pole bisecting such side (see App. G, Fig, 15)

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

750-7500 volts

30inches

7500-46,000 volts

36 inches

More than 46,000 volts

36 inches plus inch Per kV in excess Of 46kV.

 

For climbing space dimensions for low voltage rack construction see Rule 54.9-F

 

(2)    Dimensions Where Line Arms Only Are Involved:

 

The climbing space through levels where line arms without related buck arms are present on poles or structures shall be on one side or face of the pole, with the center line of pole approximately midway on one side of the climbing space (see App. G Fig. 16), and shall have the following dimensions:

 

For conductors of 0-7500 volts, the climbing space shall be not less than 30 inches square except that for combination arm construction the climbing space shall be not less than 36 inches square.  (see Rule 54.8-E for additional requirements where service drops from combination line arms are involved.)

 

For conductors of 750-46,000 volts the climbing space shall not be less than 36 inches square.

 

For conductors of more than 46,000 volts the climbing space shall be a square the sides of which shall be not less than 36 inches plus inch per kV in excess of 46 kV.

 

The above dimensions may be reduced not more than 2 percent because of line angles.

 

The climbing space required by this rule may be shifted laterally not more than 5 inches under the condition that (a) the mid-point of the side of the climbing space coinciding with the center line of, the pole shall be not more than 5 inches from the center line of the pole, and (b) that full climbing space dimensions shall be maintained, but without the use of the 2% reduction where the shift is more than 2 inches.

 

(3)    Dimensions Where Buck Arms Are Involved: The climbing space where line arms and related buck arms are involved on pole or structures shall be in a quadrant and shall have at least the dimensions, determined according to voltage classification as given below.  These dimensions are based on the minimum clearance from center line of pole  (Table 1, Case 8) and minimum pin spacings (Table 2, Case 15) for the voltages involved, with the pin position numbered outward from the pole on the climbing side.

Where metal back braces are used they shall be considered as one of the arms of double arm construction.

 

a)    For Conductors of 0-750 Volts: Where single line arm and buck arm construction is involved and the climbing space is left open opposite the single arm, the No. 1 pin Position shall be left vacant in the single arm.  (See App G, Fig 18.)

Where double line arm and double buck arm construction is involved, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in each arm.
(see App. G, Fig. 19)

 

b)    For conductors of More than 750 Volts: Where single arm and single buck arm construction is involved and the climbing space is left open on the opposite side of the pole from the arms, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in both line arm and buck arm (see App. G, Fig. 20).  As an alternative, where the conductors are of 750-7500 volts, the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions in one arm may be left vacant provided the arms involved are in top positions on the pole.

Where double line arm and single buck arm, or vice versa, construction is involved and the climbing space is left open on the side of the pole opposite the single arm, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in both line arm and buck arm
(see App. G, Fig. 21).  As an alternative, where the conductors are of 750-7500 volts the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions may be left vacant in the single arm provided the arm involved are in top positions on the pole.

Where double line arm and double buck arm construction is involved the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in one double arm and the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions shall be left vacant in the other double arm.
(See App. G, Fig 22.)

Where a single circuit of more than 7,500 volts is in horizontal configuration at the top of the pole, climbing space has to be provided only up to and not through the top level and the No. 1 pin position need not be left vacant.

 

c)    For Combination Arm Construction with Line Arm and Line Buck Arm or Service Buck Arm:  (See Rule 54.8-E for additional requirements where service drops are involved.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is not less than 4 feet and the climbing space is in a 0-750 volt quadrant, the climbing space dimensions shall be not less than those prescribed in Rule 54.7-A3a for 0-750 volt conductors provided that the required vacant pin conductors provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 36-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b.
  (See App. G, Figs 23, 24 and 25.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is not less than 4 feet and the climbing space is in a 750-7500 volt conductors provided that the required vacant volt conductors provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 36-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b.
  (See App. G, Figs 26, 27 and 28.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is less than 4 feet such separation shall not be less than 2 feet and the climbing space dimensions, in any quadrant, shall be not less than those prescribed in Rule 54.7-A3b for 750-7500 volt conductors, provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 42-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b.
  (See App. G Figs 29, 30 and 31.)

d)    Alternatives: Where a single line arm or single buck arm is involved and it is impractical to locate the climbing space in the quadrant on the opposite side of the pole from the single arm, it may be located in another quadrant provided that any single arm or arms within the climbing space shall be treated as a double arm.

In applying the pin position spacings as prescribed in Rule 54.7 not less than the minimum spacings of Table 2, Case 15 shall be used.
  In the event the crossarms used are not bored for the minimum spacings, a spacing of conductors to give equivalent dimensions will be considered as meeting the requirements.

 

(4)    Allowable Climbing Space Obstructions: Crossarms and their supporting members are allowed in climbing spaces provided that, where buck arms are involved, any arms within climbing spaces are treated as double arms.

Suitably protected vertical conductors attached tot eh surfaces of poles, and guys, (except those guys contacting metal pins or dead-end hardware as specified in Rule 52.7-D) are allowed in climbing spaces provided that not more than
two guys (provided they are separated at the pole by a vertical distance of not more than 18 inches) and one vertical riser, run, or ground wire are installed in any 4-foot vertical section of climbing space.

Pin-type insulators which support line conductors of 20,000 volts or less may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.  Dead-end or strain type insulators which support line conductors of 0-750 volts may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.

Space bolts used for the attachment of dead-end hardware of a circuit of any voltage located below a circuit at the top of the pole may project into the climbing space provided they are protected with a suitable insulating cover, having an insulating value equal to the insulators on the associated circuit, and further that the area of the climbing space on a horizontal plane is not reduced by more than 10%.

Modifications of these requirements for rack construction are specified in Rule 54.9-F.

 

Strikeout and Underline Version

Rule 54.7-A

 

54.7-A.    Climbing Space

 

Climbing space shall be maintained from the ground level. measured from centerline of pole, shall be provided on one side or in one quadrant of all poles or structures, with dimensions as specified in Rules 54.7-A1, 54.7-A2 and 54.7-A3.  For climbing space dimensions where post insulators are utilized see Rule 54.11-F.  The climbing space shall be maintained in the same position for a distance of not less than 4 feet vertically both above and below each conductor level through which it passes. To comply Compliance with this requirement necessitates that the position of the climbing space shall not be changed through conductor levels which are less than 4 feet apart.  Where the vertical distance between consecutive conductor levels is 4 feet or more, and less than 8 feet the position of the climbing space through such consecutive levels may be shifted not more than one-quarter (90 degrees) of the distance around the pole.

 

Where a single level of circuitry is installed at the top of a pole, the climbing space shall extend up to the level.  Where a conductor is installed at the top of a pole under the provisions of Rule 54.4-D8, the climbing space shall extend up to the level of such pole-top conductor but need not be provided through and above such level.

 

This rule is not applicable to non-climbable poles. See Rule 22.0-D for definition.

 

Climbing space measured from center line of pole shall be provided on one side or in one quadrant of all poles or structures with dimensions as specified in the following:

 

 

Rules

Wood Crossarm Construction

54.7-A 1 & 2

Without Wood Crossarms (More than 750 Volts)

54-11-F

Low Voltage Rack Construction

54.9-F

Low Voltage Multiconductor Cable w/Bare Neutral

54.10-F

Poles Jointly Used

84.7 & 93

Allowable Obstructions of These Climbing Spaces

54.7-A 3

54.9-F

54.11-G

84.7-E

 

Allowable obstruction of these climbing spaces, where necessary, are specified in Rule 54.7-A4

 

Bolts bonded to or used for the attachment of dead-end hardware of a circuit of any voltage in horizontal (wood crossarm) configuration may project into the climbing space provided they are covered with a suitable non-conducting material as specified in Rule 22.2-F.  If such bolts are bonded, a positive electrical contact shall be made.

 

The covering of bolts, required by this rule , shall not apply to:

 

1)    Bolts associated with circuits of 0 to 750 volts at any level on a pole or structure.

 

2)    Bolts associated with circuits of more than 7,500 volts when located at the top level of a pole.

 

No part of any guy contacting or connected to a metal pin or part of dead-end hardware, shall be located in the climbing space.

 

The climbing space required by this rule may be shifted laterally not more than 5 inches on the condition that the midpoint of the side of the climbing space coinciding with the center line of the pole shall not be more than 5 inches, from the center line of the pole.

 

The dimensions specified in the above rules may be reduced not more than 2% because of line angles and minor field variations.

 

(1)    Dimensions Where Crossarms are Not Involved:

 

Climbing space through the levels of conductors deadended on poles in vertical configuration shall be a square of the horizontal dimensions tabulated below; and one side of such climbing space shall be bounded by the vertical plane of the dead-ended conductors with the centerline of pole bisecting such side (see App. G, Fig, 15)

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

750-7500 volts

30inches

7500-46,000 volts

36 inches

More than 46,000 volts

36 inches plus inch Per kV in excess Of 46kV.

 

For climbing space dimensions for low voltage rack construction see Rule 54.9-F.

 

(2)    Dimensions Where Line Arms Only Are Involved:

 

The climbing space through levels where line arms without related buck arms are present on poles or structures shall be on one side or face of the pole, with the center line of pole approximately midway on one side of the climbing space (see App. G Fig. 16 Figure 54-1), and shall have the following dimensions:

 

For conductors of 0-7500 volts, the climbing space shall be not less than 30 inches square except that for combination arm construction the climbing space shall be not less than 36 inches square.  (see Rule 54.8-E for additional requirements where service drops from combination line arms are involved.)

 

For conductors of 750-46,000 volts the climbing space shall not be less than 36 inches square.

 

For conductors of more than 46,000 volts the climbing space shall be a square the sides of which shall be not less than 36 inches plus inch per kV in excess of 46 kV.

 

The above dimensions may be reduced not more than 2 percent because of line angles.

 

The climbing space required by this rule may be shifted laterally not more than 5 inches under the condition that (a) the mid-point of the side of the climbing space coinciding with the center line of, the pole shall be not more than 5 inches from the center line of the pole, and (b) that full climbing space dimensions shall be maintained, but without the use of the 2% reduction where the shift is more than 2 inches.

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

750-7500 volts

30inches

7500-46,000 volts

36 inches

More than 46,000 volts

36 inches plus inch Per kV in excess Of 46kV.

 

 

(23)    Dimensions Where Buck Arms Are Involved: The climbing space where line arms and related buck arms are involved on pole or structures shall be in a quadrant as defined below: and shall have at least the dimensions, determined according to voltage classification as given below.  These dimensions are based on the minimum clearance from center line of pole (Table 1, Case 8) and minimum pin spacings (Table 2, Case 15) for the voltages involved, with the pin position numbered outward from the pole on the climbing side.

 

Where metal back braces are used they shall be considered as one of the arms of double arm construction.

 

a)    For Conductors of 0-750 Volts: Where single line arm and buck arm construction is involved and the climbing space is left open opposite the single arm, the No. 1 pin Position shall be left vacant in the single arm.  (See App G, Fig 18.)

Where double line arm and double buck arm construction is involved, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in each arm.
  (see App. G, Fig. 19)

 

b)    For conductors of More than 750 .Volts: Where single arm and single buck arm construction is involved and the climbing space is left open on the opposite side of the pole from the arms, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in both line arm and buck arm (see App. G, Fig. 20).  As an alternative, where the conductors are of 750-7500 volts, the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions in one arm may be left vacant provided the arms involved are in top positions on the pole.

Where double line arm and single buck arm, or vice versa, construction is involved and the climbing space is left open on the side of the pole opposite the single arm, the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in both line arm and buck arm (see App. G, Fig. 21).
  As an alternative, where the conductors are of 750-7500 volts the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions may be left vacant in the single arm provided the arm involved are in top positions on the pole.

Where double line arm and double buck arm construction is involved the No. 1 pin position shall be left vacant in one double arm and the No. 1 and No. 2 pin positions shall be left vacant in the other double arm.
  (See App. G, Fig 22.)

Where a single circuit of more than 7,500 volts is in horizontal configuration at the top of the pole, climbing space has to be provided only up to and not through the top level and the No. 1 pin position need not be left vacant.

 

a)    Where the Vertical Clearance Between Conductors on Line and Buck Arms is Four Feet or More: The climbing space shall be provided on one side or face of the pole for each arm as specified in Rule 54.7-A1.

 

b)    Where the Vertical Clearance Between Conductors on Line and Buck Arms is Less Than Four Feet: The climbing space shall be provided through such levels and located in a quadrant and shall have at least the following dimensions (See Figure 54-2.)

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

0-7500 Volts

30 inches

7500-35000 Volts

42 inches

 

For circuitry located at pole top, the climbing space specified in Rule 54.7-A1 may be applied to the lower arm and up to but not through the conductors on the top arm (see Figure 54-3.).

 

 

 

c)    For Combination Arm Construction with Line Arm and Line Buck Arm or Service Buck Arm:  (See Rule 54.8-E for additional requirements where service drops are involved.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is not less than 4 feet and the climbing space is in a 0-750 volt quadrant, the climbing space
shall be provided on one side or face of the pole for each level as specified in Rule 54.7-A1. dimensions shall be not less than those prescribed in Rule 54.7-A3a for 0-750 volt conductors provided that the required vacant pin conductors provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 36-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b.  (See App. G, Figs 23, 24 and 25.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is not less than 4 feet
such separation shall not be less than 2 feet, and the climbing space shall not be less than prescribed in Rule 54.7-A2b and the dimensions shall be in accordance with the highest voltage adjacent to the climbing quadrant (See figure 54-4) is in a 750-7500 volt conductors provided that the required vacant volt conductors provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 36-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b..  (See App. G, Figs 26, 27 and 28.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms is less than 4 feet such separation shall not be less than 2 feet and the climbing space dimensions, in any quadrant, shall be not less than those prescribed in Rule 54.7-A3b for 750-7500 volt conductors, provided that the required vacant pin spaces shall be in addition to the 42-inch horizontal conductor separation required in Rule 54.4-C2b.
  (See App. G Figs 29, 30 and 31.)

 

 

d)    Alternatives: Where a single line arm or single buck arm is involved and it is impractical to locate the climbing space in the quadrant on the opposite side of the pole from the single arm, it may be located in another quadrant provided that any single arm or arms within the climbing space shall be treated as a double arm.

In applying the pin position spacings as prescribed in Rule 54.7 not less than the minimum spacings of Table 2, Case 15 shall be used.
  In the event the crossarms used are not bored for the minimum spacings, a spacing of conductors to give equivalent dimensions will be considered as meeting the requirements.

 

(34)    Allowable Climbing Space Obstructions:

Crossarms and their supporting members are allowed in climbing spaces.
  provided that, where buck arms are involved, any arms within climbing spaces are treated as double arms. Insulators and their attaching brackets which support line conductors may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.

Suitably protected vertical conductors attached to the surfaces of poles, and guys, (except those guys contacting metal pins or dead-end hardware as specified in Rule 52.7-D) are allowed in climbing spaces provided that not more than two guys (provided they are separated at the pole by a vertical distance of not more than 18 inches) and one vertical riser, run, or ground wire are installed in any 4-foot vertical section of climbing space.  The terminals or terminal fittings of risers or runs shall not be installed within climbing spaces.

Pin-type insulators which support line conductors of 20,000 volts or less may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.
  Dead-end or strain type insulators which support line conductors of 0-750 volts may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.

Space bolts
bonded to or used for the attachment of dead-end hardware of a circuit of any voltage in horizontal (wood crossarm) configuration may project into the climbing space provided they are covered with non-conducting material as specified in Rule 22.2-F.  If such bolts are bonded, a positive electrical contact shall be made.l  located below a circuit at the top of the pole may project into the climbing space provided they are protected with a suitable insulating cover, having an insulating value equal to the insulators on the associated circuit, and further that the area of the climbing space on a horizontal plane is not reduced by more than 10%.

The covering of bolts required by this rule shall not apply to:

 

a)    Bolts associated with circuits of 0 to 750 volts at any level on pole or structure.

 

b)    Bolts associated with circuits of more than 7500 volts when located at the top level of a pole.

 

Modifications of these requirements for rack construction are specified in Rule 54.9-F; for switches in Rule 58.5-D: and for climbing space without wood crossarms in Rule 54.11-G.

 

Final Version

Rule 54.7-A

 

54.7-A.    Climbing Space

 

Climbing space shall be maintained from the ground level. The climbing space shall be maintained in the same position for a distance of not less than 4 feet vertically both above and below each conductor level through which it passes. To comply with this requirement the position of the climbing space shall not be changed through conductor levels which are less than 4 feet apart.  Where the vertical distance between consecutive conductor levels is 4 feet or more, and less than 8 feet the position of the climbing space through such consecutive levels may be shifted not more than one-quarter (90 degrees) of the distance around the pole. 

 

Where a single level of circuitry is installed at the top of a pole, the climbing space shall extend up to the level.  Where a conductor is installed at the top of a pole under the provisions of Rule 54.4-D8, the climbing space shall extend up to the level of such pole-top conductor but need not be provided through and above such level.

 

This rule is not applicable to non-climbable poles. See Rule 22.0-D for definition.

 

Climbing space measured from center line of pole shall be provided on one side or in one quadrant of all poles or structures with dimensions as specified in the following:

 

 

Rules

Wood Crossarm Construction

54.7-A 1 & 2

Without Wood Crossarms (More than 750 Volts)

54-11-F

Low Voltage Rack Construction

54.9-F

Low Voltage Multiconductor Cable w/Bare Neutral

54.10-F

Poles Jointly Used

84.7 & 93

Allowable Obstructions of These Climbing Spaces

54.7-A3

54.9-F

54.11-G

84.7-E

 

The climbing space required by this rule may be shifted laterally not more than 5 inches on the condition that the midpoint of the side of the climbing space coinciding with the center line of the pole shall not be more than 5 inches, from the center line of the pole.

 

The dimensions specified in the above rules may be reduced not more than 2% because of line angles and minor field variations.

 

 

(1)    Dimensions Where Line Arms Only Are Involved:

The climbing space through levels where line arms without related buck arms are present on poles or structures shall be on one side or face of the pole, with the center line of pole approximately midway on one side of the climbing space (see Figure 54-1), and shall have the following dimensions:

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

750-7500 volts

30inches

7500-46,000 volts

36 inches

More than 46,000 volts

36 inches plus inch Per kV in excess Of 46kV.

 

 

(2)    Dimensions Where Buck Arms Are Involved: The climbing space where line arms and related buck arms are involved on pole or structures shall be in a quadrant as defined below:

 

a)    Where the Vertical Clearance Between Conductors on Line and Buck Arms is Four Feet or More: The climbing space shall be provided on one side or face of the pole for each arm as specified in Rule 54.7-A1.

 

b)    Where the Vertical Clearance Between Conductors on Line and Buck Arms is Less Than Four Feet: The climbing space shall be provided through such levels and located in a quadrant and shall have at least the following dimensions (See Figure 54-2.)

 

Voltage of Conductors

Dimensions of Square

0-7500 Volts

30 inches

7500-35000 Volts

42 inches

 

For circuitry located at pole top, the climbing space specified in Rule 54.7-A1 may be applied to the lower arm and up to but not through the conductors on the top arm (see Figure 54-3.).

 

 

c)    For Combination Arm Construction with Line Arm and Line Buck Arm or Service Buck Arm:  (See Rule 54.8-E for additional requirements where service drops are involved.)

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on line and buck arms, the climbing space shall be provided on one side or face of the pole for each level as specified in Rule 54.7

Where the vertical separation between conductor levels on buck arms is not less than 4 feet such separation shall not be less than 2 feet, and the climbing space shall not be less than prescribed in Rule 54.7-A2b and the dimensions shall be in accordance with the highest voltage adjacent to the climbing quadrant (See figure 54-4)

 

 

(3)    Allowable Climbing Space Obstructions:

Crossarms and their supporting members are allowed in climbing spaces.
  Insulators and their attaching brackets which support line conductors may extend not more than one-half of their diameter into the climbing space.

Suitably protected vertical conductors attached to the surfaces of poles, and guys, (except those guys contacting metal pins or dead-end hardware as specified in Rule 52.7-D) are allowed in climbing spaces provided that not more than two guys (provided they are separated at the pole by a vertical distance of not more than 18 inches) and one vertical riser, run, or ground wire are installed in any 4-foot vertical section of climbing space.
 

Bolts bonded to or used for the attachment of dead-end hardware of a circuit of any voltage in horizontal (wood crossarm) configuration may project into the climbing space provided they are covered with non-conducting material as specified in Rule 22.2-F.
  If such bolts are bonded, a positive electrical contact shall be made.

The covering of bolts required by this rule shall not apply to:

 

a)    Bolts associated with circuits of 0 to 750 volts at any level on pole or structure.

 

b)    Bolts associated with circuits of more than 7500 volts when located at the top level of a pole.

 

Modifications of these requirements for rack construction are specified in Rule 54.9-F; for switches in Rule 58.5-D: and for climbing space without wood crossarms in Rule 54.11-G.