The CPUC plays a critical role in supporting the state’s transition to zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). As regulators of the state’s electric investor-owned utilities (IOUs), the CPUC applies its expertise and experience in electric rate design, electric system infrastructure deployment, grid management, and safety to support ZEV deployment. The CPUC also works closely with other state agencies to ensure electric IOU investments to support ZEVs are strategically coordinated and in the interest of ratepayers. The CPUC’s activities on transportation electrification primarily fall into four main categories:

  • Electricity rates and cost of fueling
  • Charging infrastructure deployment and incentives
  • Vehicle-grid integration (VGI) policy, planning, and pilots
  • Program evaluation and interagency coordination

California has established many goals to accelerate the adoption of ZEVs and increase access to charging stations which guide the CPUC’s work on transportation electrification. The tables below summarize several of the key pieces of legislation and Executive Orders.

 

Bill

Sponsor

Year

Short Description

SB 350

De Leon

2015

Clean Energy and Pollution Reduction Act of 2015

AB 1082

Burke

2017

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: School Facilities and other Educational Institutions

AB 1083

Burke

2017

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: State Parks and Beaches

SB 1014

Skinner

2018

California Clean Miles Standard and Incentive Program: Zero-emission Vehicles

SB 1000

Lara

2018

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

AB 2127

Ting

2018

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: assessment

SB 676

Bradford

2019

Electric Vehicles-Grid Integration

 AB 841 Ting   2020 Energy: Transportation Electrification and School Energy Efficiency Stimulus Program

 

E.O.

Governor

Year

Short Description

N-79-20

Newsom

2020

Established goal for all in-state sales of new passenger vehicles to be zero-emission by 2035; 100% medium- and heavy-duty vehicles be zero-emission by 2045; for all operations where feasible, and by for drayage trucks; and 100 percent zero-emission off-road vehicles and equipment by 2035 where feasible

B-48-18

Brown

2018

Established target five million ZEVs by 2030, and 250,000 public EV charging stations; 10,000 of which should be fast chargers

B-16-12

Brown

2012

Established target of one million ZEVs on the road by 2025

 

Events

Upcoming Events 

Drive Rulemaking

In December 2018, the CPUC launched an Order Instituting Rulemaking (OIR) to Continue the Development of Rates and Infrastructure for Vehicle Electrification (DRIVE). This OIR (R.18-12-006) refocused strategic planning related to transportation electrification. Energy Division staff issued a draft Transportation Electrification Framework (TEF) staff proposal in February 2020 (Draft TEF) that proposed a long-term strategic approach to transportation electrification utility planning and infrastructure to support our ambitious State targets.

Since the 2020 issuance of the draft TEF, the CPUC has issued numerous decisions and resolutions establishing new transportation electrification programs, authorizing millions of additional dollars in infrastructure funding, and furthering internal and interagency coordination on transportation electrification planning. These actions notably include two new light-duty infrastructure programs—SCE’s Charge Ready 2 and SDG&E’s Power Your Drive Extension—a decision authorizing funding for VGI pilots and an emerging technology program, direction on spending utility Low Carbon Fuel Standard credit revenue, a resolution regarding technical communications protocols for EV chargers, a decision establishing pathways and funding for near-term priorities, and one decision and two resolutions implementing Assembly Bill (AB) 841 (Ting, 2020).

In February 2022, another staff proposal was issued to modify certain aspects of the original draft TEF. In particular, it proposes a rebate program focused on medium- and heavy-duty electrification and charging for residents of multi-unit dwellings that would run 2025-2029, and sets up periods to reevaluate the need for and scale of utility EV infrastructure investments in the future

Infrastructure Deployment and Incentive

Light-Duty EV Charging Infrastructure Programs---2016 Pilots and Extension Programs

The three large IOUs – PG&E, SCE, and SDG&E – filed applications in 2014 for pilots to install light-duty, mostly Level 2, EV charging stations at workplaces, multi-unit dwellings, and some destination centers. The CPUC approved the IOUs’ pilots in 2016, and all three IOUs have completed implementing these pilots.

The CPUC has also authorized SCE and SDG&E to extend their light-duty pilots through SCE’s Charge Ready 2 and SDG&E’s Power Your Drive Extension.

  • SCE Charge Ready 2 (or Charge Ready Light Duty): In August 2020, the CPUC approved the largest single-utility investments in EV charging in the country by authorizing SCE to spend up to $436 million to fund approximately 37,800 EV chargers. The majority of funds will go toward expanding SCE’s Charge Ready pilot to build make-ready infrastructure for Level 2 charging at apartments, workplaces, and some destination centers. Additional funds will go towards allowing SCE to own the make-ready and charging station at apartments in disadvantaged communities, toward fast chargers, toward Level 2 charging at apartments under construction, and marketing, education, and outreach programs. SCE launched the program in mid-2021.
  • SDG&E Power Your Drive Extension: In July 2021, the CPUC authorized SDG&E to expand upon its 2016 plot. SDG&E is authorized to spend up to $43.5 million to build at least 2,000 additional Level 2 chargers at apartments, sites serving apartment dwellers, and workplaces. SDG&E anticipates launching the program in 2022.

PG&E has additionally submitted an Application for EV Charge 2 (EVC 2) with the CPUC to extend its pilot. This Application—A.21-10-010—is under review.

Light-Duty Schools and Parks EV Charging Programs (AB 1082, AB 1083)

Assembly Bills (AB) 1082 and 1083 (Burke, 2017) allowed, the electric IOUs to file applications to support charging infrastructure at schools and state parks and beaches, respectively. Pursuant to these bills, in 2019 the CPUC approved a total of $54.5 million, plus additional funding for evaluation, for PG&E, SCE, SDG&E, and Liberty Utilities for a total of eight pilot programs to install up to 800 charging ports at parks, beaches, and schools. The four IOUs began implementing the pilots in 2021. The IOUs are still actively implementing these programs.

 

2018 SB 350 Priority Review Programs and Small IOU Programs

In January 2018, the CPUC approved twelve new electric IOU infrastructure pilots pursuant to Senate Bill (SB) 350 with budgets totaling $43 million. Many of these pilots focus on deploying charging infrastructure for medium- and heavy-duty EVs. You can find a summary of the PRP programs and budgets here.

The IOUs have since completed implementation of these pilots, submitting a final evaluation report describing key findings and challenges, which you can access here.

The CPUC additionally authorized PG&E to spend up to $4 million to establish a program, EV Empower. to provide rebates to low- and moderate-income residential customers that install Level 2 charging stations at home, as well as upgrade electrical panels if necessary. PG&E plans to begin implementing this program in 2022.

For the small IOUs, the CPUC authorized the three smaller IOUs to spend approximately $7.3 million on TE programs related to infrastructure deployment. You can find a summary of those programs and budgets here.

2018 SB 350 Standard Review Programs

In May 2018, the CPUC authorized $738 million in IOU infrastructure investments pursuant to SB 350, with additional funding for evaluation. PG&E and SCE are authorized to spend $210 million and $343 million, respectively, to install infrastructure to support medium- and heavy-duty EVs such as semi-trucks, transit and school buses, fleet delivery trucks, and port equipment. PG&E is also authorized to spend up to $22.4 million to install infrastructure for 234 direct current fast charger (DCFC) ports that will offer faster public charging options. You can find a summary of these programs and budgets here.

In 2019, the CPUC additionally authorized SDG&E to spend more than $107 million to support the installation of charging infrastructure for medium- and heavy duty EVs.

CPUC/NRG Settlement

In 2012, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved an agreement between NRG Energy and the CPUC to settle outstanding legal issues regarding the 2001 California Energy Crisis. The settlement required NRG to invest $102.5 million in EV charging infrastructure across the state at no cost to site hosts. As a result of this settlement, NRG, via EVgo, installed more than 545 public fast-chargers at more than 250 locations, as well as nearly 6,800 make-readies to support Level 2 and Level 1 charging at apartments, workplaces, and public locations. The settlement also included funding for technology demonstrations related to EV charging, and support for EV programs that benefit underserved communities.  

Lists of the settlement’s public charging stations and make-ready installations are available at these links.

As of January 2020, the NRG Settlement is complete. Reports, including annual reports and audit reports, as well as further details on the NRG Settlement and its requirements are available here

EV Infrastructure Rules (AB 841)

The CPUC issued two resolutions in Fall 2021—one approving new Electric Rules for the large IOUs (E-5167) and one for the small IOUs (E-5168). These Electric Rules, known as the EV Infrastructure Rules, are one component of the CPUC’s implementation of AB 841 (Ting, 2020). The EV Infrastructure Rules serve as alternatives to Rule 16 for any customer installing separately metered EV charging, excluding single-family homes. The IOUs will recover in rates most of the utility-side costs associated with upgrades for EV charging installations, covering the costs of service line extensions and electrical distribution infrastructure.

 

The establishment of the EV Infrastructure Rules signals a major policy shift in TE, as the new approach incorporates utility-side TE investment into the IOUs’ general rate case proceedings rather than individual program applications  Additionally, for separately metered EV charging installed outside of IOU TE programs, these Rules will allow customers to cover less of the associated utility-side costs.

 

The IOUs will begin offering service under the EV Infrastructure Rules in mid-2022, and the IOUs will begin reporting data from implementation in their EV Cost and Load report submitted in 2023.

The data collection template for the EV Infrastructure Rules can be accessed here.

Key CPUC Transportation Electrification Decisions and Resolutions:

  • D.21-12-033 (December 2021) PEV Common Treatment Policy: Extended Common Treatment Policy, which applies to utility-side infrastructure associated with the addition of residential EV charging.
  • Resolution E-5175 (December 2021) Approval to Authorize Processes for Qualifying EVSE for SCE’s Charge Ready 2 Program: Clarified EVSE communications protocol requirements for SCE’s Charge Ready 2 program.
  • D.21-11-017 (November 2021) Approval of PG&E’s Commercial Day-Ahead Rate: Authorizes PG&E to offer an optional day-ahead real time rate for commercial EV customers.
  • Resolutions E-5167 and E-5168 (October 2021): Established the new EV Infrastructure Rules pursuant to AB 841.
  • D.21-07-028 (July 2021) TEF Near-Term Priorities: Established near-term priorities for utility investment, approved up to $240 million for the large utilities to request via advice letter, and additional budget for the small utilities to request.
  • D.21-04-014 (April 2021) SDG&E’s Power Your Drive Extension: Approved SDG&E to spend $43.5 million on an extension to its Power Your Drive pilot, building Level 2 chargers at multi-unit dwellings and workplaces.
  • D.20-12-029 (December 2020) Implementation of SB 676: Authorized pilot and emerging technology funding and required additional reporting on VGI pursuant to SB 676
  • D.20-12-027 (December 2020) Low Carbon Fuel Standard Holdback Revenue Utilization: Directed utilities to spend revenue from Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits on equity programs, to support CARB’s regulation, and resiliency programs.
  • D.20-12-023 (December 2020) Authorizes SDG&E Commercial Rate: Establishes SDG&E’s new rate for separately-metered EV charging loads with an aggregated maximum demand of 20kW or greater.
  • D.20-09-025 (September 2020) Status of Electric Vehicle Charging Service Providers: Clarified that of EVSPs for MDHD services are not public utilities.
  • D.20-08-045 (August 2020) SCE Charge Ready 2: Authorized SCE to spend up to $436 million on a second phase of its Charge Ready program, installing Level 2 chargers at apartments, workplaces, and destination centers, DCFC in public locations, and Level 2 chargers at new construction apartments.
  • D.19-11-017 (November 2019) Schools and Parks Programs: Pursuant to AB 1082 and AB 1083 (Burke, 2017), the CPUC approved pilot programs for EV charging at schools and state  parks and beaches for PG&E, SDG&E, SCE and Liberty Utilities.
  • D.19-10-055 (October 2019) PG&E Commercial EV Rate: Authorized PG&E to offer a new subscription-based EV rate for commercial and industrial customers.
  • D.19-09-006 (September 2019) PG&E Empower EV Pilot: Authorized PG&E to implement a program to spend up to $4 million to provide rebates for Level 2 chargers for residential low- and moderate-income customers. The decision includes funding for panel upgrades as well.
  • D.19-08-026 (August 2019) SDG&E’s Power Your Drive for Fleets Program and V2G School Bus Pilot: Authorized SDG&E is to spend more than $107 million to support the installation of charging infrastructure for medium- and heavy-duty electric vehicles and funding for a V2G school bus pilot.
  • D.18-12-006 (December 2018) SCE Charge Ready Bridge Funding: Authorized SCE to spend an additional $22 million for bridge funding for its Charge Ready Pilot.
  • D.18-09-034 (September 2018) Small IOU SB 350 Programs: Authorized Bear Valley, Liberty, and PacifiCorp to spend approximately $7.3 million on TE programs related to infrastructure deployment and rates.
  • D.18-05-040 (May 2018) SB 350 Standard Review Programs: Approved $738 million in transportation electrification projects, medium- and heavy-duty programs at SCE and PG&E and a DCFC program at PG&E.
  • D.18-01-024 (January 2018) SB 350 Priority Review Programs: Approved the first transportation electrification applications under SB 350 from the three large IOUs, authorizing 15 projects with combined budgets of $42 million.
  • D.16-12-065 (December 2016) PG&E EV Charge Network: Authorized PG&E to spend up to $130 million on its EV Charge Network pilot.
  • D.16-01-045 (January 2016) SDG&E’s Power Your Drive: Authorized SDG&E to spend up to $45 million on its Power Your Drive Pilot.
  • D.16-01-023 (January 2016) SCE’s Charge Ready Pilot: Authorized SCE to spend up to $22 million on its Charge Ready Pilot.
  • D.14-12-083 (December 2014) LCFS Revenue Return: Directed the IOUs to receive credits for electricity and natural gas sold as a fuel and provided options for how the IOU could return the value of those credits back to customers.
  • D.14-12-079 (December 2014) Policy to Expand the IOU Role in Development of EV Infrastructure: Adoption of rules to encourage the expansion of EV infrastructure and widespread deployment and use of plug-in EVs.
  • D.14-05-021 (May 2014) LCFS Credit Sales and Reporting: Authorized IOUs to sell LCFS credits and established criteria and reporting requirements for the sale of LCFS credits.
  • D.13-11-002 (November 2013) Requirements for the Development of a Submetering Protocol: Modifies the plug-in EV submetering protocol requirements set forth in D.11-007-029.
  • D.11-07-029 (July 2011) Policies to Overcome Barriers to EV Deployment and Complying with Public Utilities Code Section 740.2: Establishes policies to develop infrastructure to overcome barriers to EV adoption. 
  • D.10-07-044 (July 2010) Whether a Corporation or Person Selling EV Charging Services is a Public Utility: Concludes that the CPUC does not regulate providers of EV charging services as public utilities.

Resources

Safety Checklist: The Safety and Enforcement Division has worked with Energy Division to develop safety requirements checklists associated with the IOUs’ transportation electrification programs that provide guidelines to ensure the safety of utility workers, contractors, and program participants.

Data Templates: Most of the current transportation electrification infrastructure programs require the IOUs to utilize templates for their annual data reporting.

EV Cost and Load Report: Pursuant to D.16-06-011, the three large IOUs jointly file the annual EV Cost and Load Report to examine EV customer charging behavior and service and distribution system upgrade costs related to EV load. This report illustrates the costs of infrastructure installed through the IOUs’ EV charging programs, and infrastructure installed through their Electric Rule 15 and 16, and the impact EV rates have on driver charging behavior. Beginning with the report filed in 2023, the IOUs will additionally report on data related to their EV Infrastructure Rules.

  • 2020 Report
  • 2019 Report
  • 2018 Report
  • 2017 Report 
  • 2016 Report

Research Database: In 2018, CPUC collected pilot project information through survey on ZEV infrastructure and VGI research. The survey results are publicly available and can be downloaded as an Excel file. The database includes for each project: contact information, location, participants, objectives, rates, funding, timeline, vehicles, equipment, standards, and software.

Sister Agency ZEV Resources: We work closely with our sister agencies, and have included a sample of some of the key resources we leverage.

Vehicle & Incentive Resources:

CPUC Contacts

Topic

Name

Contact

TE Section Supervisor

Paula Gruendling

Paula.Gruendling@cpuc.ca.gov

Transportation Electrification Framework
Low Carbon Fuel Standard
PG&E EV Fleet, EV Charge Network, and EV Fast Charge

Audrey Neuman

Audrey.Neuman@cpuc.ca.gov

VGI Pilots
SB 676 Implementation

Josh Huneycutt

Joshua.Huneycutt@cpuc.ca.gov

VGI Policy
ZEV Rate Design

Josh Huneycutt

Joshua.Huneycutt@cpuc.ca.gov

AB 841 Implementation/EV Infrastructure Rules

Near-Term Priorities

PEV Submeter Protocol

PG&E EVC 2 Application
Interagency Coordination

Michael Truax

Michael.Truax@cpuc.ca.gov

Light-duty program oversight

Paul Hernandez-Minjarez

Paul.Hernandez-Minjarez@cpuc.ca.gov

Data collection and management
Program evaluation
SB 1000 (Lara, 2018) implementation

Sulekha Chattopadhyay

Sulekha.Chattopadhyay@cpuc.ca.gov

Electrification Grid Planning

Paul Douglas

Paul.Douglas@cpuc.ca.gov

 

How To Participate In Our Proceedings

The TE investments that the IOUs deploy are evaluated through the CPUC’s public process. After stakeholders submit comments on a utility’s proposal(s), CPUC Energy Division staff evaluates the proposals based on their merits and their alignment with state policies and environmental targets. Energy Division staff also analyzes whether the proposed budgets are appropriate, and whether the investments are in the interest of ratepayers, using information collected through the CPUC’s public processes. Staff makes policy recommendations based on this analysis to Administrative Law Judges, who draft proposed decisions on which the CPUC Commissioners vote. The Commissioners’ votes determine whether the IOU programs, budget, and implementation details are authorized.

There are two ways to receive information related to a Commission proceeding:

  1. Join a proceeding service list to receive e-mails with all documents sent by the Commission, by parties participating in the proceeding, as well as notices of workshops or other events.  Visit https://www.cpuc.ca.gov/become_a_party/ for instructions on how to become a party to a proceeding.
  2. Sign up for the Commission's Subscription Service to follow a particular proceeding, industry, or type of document.  Note that you will only receive documents from the subscription service once they have been accepted for filing, so there will be a delay in receiving notification of filed document.  Additionally, some types of documents, such as testimony and other communications, are not provided via subscription service and are sent only to the service list.