California has an objective to achieve five million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on the road by 2030 and 250,000 electric vehicle charging stations by 2025 as directed in the Executive Order (E.O.) B-48-18). Further, by 2035, all new cars and passenger trucks sold in California must be ZEVs (E.O. N-79-20). These actions are essential to meeting California’s air quality and climate change targets since the transportation sector contributes 83% of oxides of nitrogen emissions, 95% of diesel particulate matter and nearly 35% of statewide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (CARB emission inventory). ZEVs include battery plug-in electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles as they do not emit any greenhouse gases or air pollutant emissions from their tailpipes.

The tables below summarize the actions taken by California’s Legislature and recent Executive Orders.

 

Bill

Sponsor

Year

Short Description

AB 32

Nunez

2006

California Global Warming Solutions Act

SB 626

Kehoe

2009

Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure

SB 350

De Leon

2015

Clean Energy and Pollution Reduction Act of 2015

AB 1082

Burke

2017

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: School Facilities and other Educational Institutions

AB 1083

Burke

2017

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: State Parks and Beaches

SB 1014

Skinner

2018

California Clean Miles Standard and Incentive Program: Zero-emission Vehicles

SB 1000

Lara

2018

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

AB 2127

Ting

2018

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure: assessment

SB 676

Bradford

2019

Electric Vehicles-Grid Integration

 

E.O.

Governor

Year

Short Description

N-79-20

Newsom

2020

100% medium- and heavy-duty vehicles be zero-emission by 2045 where feasible; and drayage trucks by 2035; 100% zero-emission off-road vehicles and equipment by 2035 where feasible

B-48-18

Brown

2018

Target five million ZEVs by 2030, 250,000 public EV charging stations; 10,000 fast charging stations

B-16-12

Brown

2012

Target one million ZEVs on the road by 2025

 

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) plays a critical role in achieving these targets. Through its authority to regulate the six electric investor-owned utilities (IOUs) it is directing strategic investments for:

  • Providing incentives for electric vehicle charging infrastructure and upgrading the electric grid
  • Designing electricity rates that impact the cost of fueling and ensure charging benefits the grid
  • Adopting vehicle-grid integration (VGI) policy and pilots
  • Conducting program evaluation and interagency coordination to ensure electric IOU investments to support ZEVs are strategically coordinated

Events

Transportation Electrification En Banc
  • When: October 13, 2021, 1 - 4 p.m.
  • Where: Virtual only via webcast or phone
    • Live webcast with English or Spanish captions: http://www.adminmonitor.com/ca/cpuc/en_banc/202110132/
      • Participants who choose to participate via webcast only will have audio and video, but will not be able to make verbal comment. If you would like to make comments during the meeting, refer to the phone-in information below.
      • For captions, after clicking on the name of the workshop, click the green button below the video for captions. Then select captions by clicking on the white icon next to the word “live” at the bottom of the video.
      • It will be recorded and archived for future viewing. 
    • Phone (English): 1-800-857-1917, passcode: 5180519#
      • Participants will have audio and will be able to make comments during the public comment period of the En Banc.
      • To make a public comment during the public comment period, press *1 (star one) when you wish to speak to be placed in a queue by the operator.
      • Participants will be placed on mute in “listen-only” mode until the public comment period of the En Banc.
  • Meeting materials

Rebates and Incentives

In December 2018, the CPUC launched an Order Instituting Rulemaking (OIR) to Continue the Development of Rates and Infrastructure for Vehicle Electrification (DRIVE). This OIR R.18-12-006 refocused strategic planning related to transportation electrification (TE). Energy Division staff has issued a draft Transportation Electrification Framework (TEF) in February 2020 (Draft TEF) that would streamline and strategize TE investments to achieve our ambitious State targets. Throughout this process, the CPUC engages the public and stakeholders and receives feedback on the proposal by accepting multiple rounds of comments and holding workshops.

  • Low-Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Rebates
  • Utility Shareholder-Funded Incentives: SDG&E offers a $1,000 point-of-sale rebate to eligible teachers and first-responders in its service territory through its Champions For Clean Air program.
  • State vehicle rebates: Customers that purchase or lease an electric vehicle may be eligible for rebates through the Clean Vehicle Rebate Project. This program has issued more than $823 million in rebates since the program started in 2010.
  • Visit Drive Clean for clean and efficient vehicles to identify additional incentives.

CPUC/NRG Settlement

In 2012, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approved an agreement between NRG Energy and the CPUC to settle outstanding legal issues regarding the 2000 California energy crisis. The settlement required NRG to invest $102.5 million in electric vehicle charging infrastructure across the state at no cost to site hosts. NRG installed public fast-charging stations, make electrical upgrades to support electric vehicle charging at existing building facilities ("make-ready infrastructure"), fund technological research and development programs related to electric vehicle charging strategies, and support electric vehicle access programs for under-served communities.  

NRG submitted quarterly reports on its progress in fulfilling provisions of the settlement agreement and provide a list of its public charging stations and make-ready installations.

The settlement calls for NRG to finance two third-party audits of its compliance with the settlement agreement. The first tracked NRG's progress midway through settlement implementation, and provides a third-party opinion on NRG's compliance with the settlement conditions and provisions as of the settlement's midpoint. The mid-term review audit is available here.

As of January 2020, the Settlement expenditures are complete and the final project audit is currently underway.

More details on the settlement, including NRG's quarterly and annual reports, are available here.  

Recent CPUC TE Infrastructure Actions:

Decision (D.)19-08-026 (August 2019): SDG&E is authorized to spend more than $107 million to support the installation of charging infrastructure for medium- and heavy-duty electric vehicles., SDG&E must spend at least 30 percent of its program budget in disadvantaged communities, which are disproportionately burdened by and vulnerable to multiple sources of pollution.  Although medium and heavy-duty vehicles represent only 10 percent of all vehicles in the state, they are responsible for 25 percent of the GHG transportation emissions. The program is expected to electrify approximately 3,000 vehicles ranging from forklifts to school buses to semi-trucks.

D.19-09-006 (September 2019): PG&E is authorized to implement a program specifically targeting an important priority area: ensuring that low-income residents are not left behind as California transitions to electric vehicles. The CPUC in D.19-09-006 authorized PG&E to spend up to   $4 million PG&E to provide rebates for charging infrastructure to low to moderate income customers in its service territory. The decision includes additional incentives for those customers, including a rebate to compensate for the purchase of a home EV charger, as well as for the panel upgrade often necessary for installation.

D.19-10-055 (October 2019): PG&E is authorized to implement a new subscription-based EV rate design for commercial and industrial customers, a group that includes transit fleet operators, owners of electric delivery trucks, and providers of public charging stations. The new rate eliminates demand charges and instead implements a subscription model similar to cell phone bills, with time-of-use volumetric energy charges that encourage customers to charge off-peak. Customers will be able to “buy” a block of capacity that should meet their highest demand and then manage charging to not surpass it. The subscription charge replaces the typical demand charge, which assesses a monthly fee based on customers’ highest monthly usage. SB 1000 (Lara, 2018) directed the CPUC to, within an existing proceeding (or proceedings), consider strategies to help customers transitioning to EVs reduce and manage demand charges, and this Decision was a first step in the CPUC’s implementation of that legislative directive.

D.19-11-017 (November 2019):As required by AB 1082 and AB 1083 (Burke, 2017) the CPUC approved pilot programs for electric vehicle (EV) charging in parks, beaches and schools for PG&E, SDG&E, SCE and Liberty Utilities. The four utilities will spend a combined $55 million to install up to 800 charging ports. Between 25 percent and 100 percent will be in disadvantaged communities, depending on the program.

Resources

Research Database

In 2018, CPUC collected pilot project information through a new survey on zero-emission vehicle infrastructure and vehicle-grid integration research. The survey results are publicly available and can be downloaded as an Excel file.

CPUC seeks to maintain up-to-date, consolidated information on pilot programs to help researchers, regulators, and other utility and transportation stakeholders stay informed about this quickly changing field. The database includes for each project: contact information, location, participants, objectives, rates, funding, timeline, vehicles, equipment, standards, and software.

In 2016, the CPUC organized information about a variety of past and ongoing pilot projects and compiled the results into an easily-searchable presentation. This resource includes links to dozens of reports with findings from research on transportation electrification, and was last updated in August 2018.  

Disadvantaged Communities

California Air Resources Board

  • Scoping Plan – Describes California’s policies designed to meet the state’s GHG reduction goals.
  • Mobile Source Strategy – A 15-year plan aimed at meeting air quality standards, reducing GHG emissions, reducing petroleum consumption and lowering health risks from transportation emissions throughout California.
  • State Implementation Plan for Federal Ozone and PM2.5 Standards – California’s plan to meet federal ambient air quality standards for smog-forming pollutants.
  • The Center for Sustainable Energy administers the California Clean Vehicle Rebate Project for the ARB and shares rebate statistics.
  • The Air Resources Board's low carbon transportation choices research program seeks to improve understanding of what drives vehicle choices, identify real-world emissions benefits of new and used electric vehicles and help increase adoption of zero and low-emissions vehicles across all income levels. Results of ARB's research through this program helps inform many of its clean vehicle incentive programs.

California Energy Commission

California Sustainable Freight Action Plan

An interagency action plan aimed at improving freight efficiency, transitioning to cleaner fuels, and increasing the competitiveness of California’s freight system.

CPUC Contacts

For a list of CPUC Staff Contacts by subject matter, click here.

Media please contact the CPUC’s News Office at (415)703-1366 or news@cpuc.ca.gov.

There are two ways to receive information related to a Commission proceeding:

  1. Join a proceeding service list to receive e-mails with all documents sent by the Commission, by parties participating in the proceeding, as well as notices of workshops or other events.  Visit https://www.cpuc.ca.gov/become_a_party/ for instructions on how to become a party to a proceeding.
  2. Sign up for the Commission's Subscription Service to follow a particular proceeding, industry, or type of document.  Note that you will only receive documents from the subscription service once they have been accepted for filing, so there will be a delay in receiving notification of filed document.  Additionally, some types of documents, such as testimony and other communications, are not provided via subscription service and are sent only to the service list.